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Flow cytofluorimetric analysis of young and senescent human erythrocytes probed with lectins. Evidence that sialic acids control their life span.

Domenii publicaţii > Biologie + Tipuri publicaţii > Articol în revistã ştiinţificã

Autori: Bratosin D, Mazurier J, Debray H, Lecocq M, Boilly B, Alonso C, Moisei M, Motas C, Montreuil J

Editorial: Glycoconj J., Jun;12(3), p.258-267, 1995.

Rezumat:

Comparing the properties of ‘young’ and senescent (‘aged’) O+ erythrocytes isolated by applying ultracentrifugation in a self-forming Percoll gradient, we demonstrate that the sialic acids of membrane glycoconjugates control the life span of erythrocytes and that the desialylation of glycans is responsible for the clearance of the aged erythrocytes. This capture is mediated by a beta-galactolectin present in the membrane of macrophages. The evidence supporting these conclusions is as follows: (1) Analysis by flow cytofluorimetry of the binding of fluorescein isothiocyanate labelled lectins specific for sialic acids shows that the aged erythrocytes bind less WGA, LPA, SNA and MAA than young erythrocytes. The binding of DSA and LCA is not modified. On the contrary, the number of binding sites of UEA-I specific for O antigen and of AAA decreases significantly. PNA and GNA do not bind to erythrocytes. (2) RCA120 as well as Erythrina cristagalli and Erythrina corallodendron lectins specific for terminal beta-galactose residues lead to unexpected and unexplained results with a decrease in the number of lectin binding sites associated with increasing desialylation. (3) The glycoconjugates from the old erythrocytes incorporate more sialic acid than the young cells. This observation results from the determination of the rate of transfer by alpha-2,6-sialyltransferase of fluorescent or radioactive N-acetylneuraminic acid, using as donors CMP-9-fluoresceinyl-NeuAc and CMP-[14C]-NeuAc, respectively. (4) Microscopy shows that the old erythrocytes are captured preferentially by the macrophages relative to the young ones. Fixation of erythrocytes by the macrophage membrane is inhibited by lactose, thus demonstrating the involvement of a terminal beta-galactose specific macrophage lectin. (5) Comparative study of the binding of WGA, LPA, SNA and MAA to the aged erythrocytes and to the in vitro enzymatically desialylated erythrocytes shows that the desialylation rate of aged cells is low but sufficient to lead to their capture by the macrophages.

Cuvinte cheie: senescent erythrocytes,lectins,flow cytofluorimetry,sialic acid,erythrophagocytosis,macrophages,endogeneous galactolectin