Scopul nostru este sprijinirea şi promovarea cercetării ştiinţifice şi facilitarea comunicării între cercetătorii români din întreaga lume.
Autori: Radu Craciun and Nicu Dulamita
Editorial: Industrial & Engineering Chemistry Research, 38(4), p.1357-1363, 1999.
Supported MnOx on high surface area SiO2 (300 m2/g) catalysts were successfully used in ethylbenzene oxidative dehydrogenation. X-ray diffraction (XRD) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) were employed to characterize the structure of fresh and used MnOx/SiO2 catalysts. The MnOx catalysts were prepared using the pore volume impregnation method, with MnO2 loadings varying from 0.7% wt. (Mn/Si = 0.005, atomic ratio) to 30% wt. (Mn/Si = 0.14). The changes in the crystalline structure and dispersion of supported MnOx were related to the precursor/support interaction and the conditions used for catalyst preparation. A possible mechanism for ethylbenzene conversion to styrene on MnOx/SiO2 catalysts is proposed, where lattice oxygen from MnO2 crystalline structure is used for oxidation or oxidative dehydrogenation processes. The high selectivity in styrene (at 723K, 24 % conversion with 76 % selectivity in styrene) was related to the high concentration in MnO2 phase from the MnOx/SiO2 catalysts. The formation of Mn3O4 phase, observed on the used catalysts, supports the proposed mechanism. These findings are of potential use for industrial applications, particularly in optimization of various oxidative dehydrogenation processes.
Cuvinte cheie: Ethylbenzene oxidative dehydrogenation, MnOx/SiO2 catalysts, XRD, XPS