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Autori: P.J. van Ekeren, L.D. Ionescu, V.B.F. Mathot and J.C. van Miltenburg.
Editorial: J. Therm. Anal. Cal., 59, p.683-697, 2000.
Specific heat capacities of a homogeneous ethylene-1-octene copolymer were measured by adiabatic calorimetry in the temperature range from 5 to 400 K (stepwise heating at averaged rates of approximately 1 to 34 K h-1, after cooling at rates in the range from 8 to 4 K min-1. The glass transition takes place from roughly 205 to 225 K and is centred around approximately 215 K. At the latter temperature, also the temperature drifts during the stabilisation periods are at maximum. Clearly, with devitrification above 215 K also melting sets in. Using two sets of reference data (one for branched and linear polyethylenes, BPE, and the other for strictly linear polyethylene, LPE) for completely crystalline and for completely amorphous material, the crystallinity of the polymer was calculated as a function of temperature, within the two-phase model. In heating, the crystallinity decreased from 0.254 to zero in the temperature range from 220 to 360 K, confirming earlier DSC heat capacity measurements. During the stabilisation periods, below 325 K, negative drifts were observed, related to endothermic effects caused by melting. However, in the temperature range from 325 K up to the end melting temperature, 360 K, positive drifts were measured, reflecting exothermic effects. These are attributed to recrystallisation phenomena. The occurrence and amount of recrystallisation depend on the thermal history of the sample: slower cooling and a longer time spent at a temperature of annealing clearly diminish recrystallisation.
Cuvinte cheie: Adiabatic calorimetry, crystallinity, polyethylene, ethylene-1-octene copolymer, heat capacity, thermal properties, recrystallisation, relaxation