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ATRP grafting of styrene from benzyl chloride functionalized polysiloxanes: An AFM and TGA study of the Cu(0)/bpy catalyst

Domenii publicaţii > Stiinte ingineresti + Tipuri publicaţii > Articol în revistã ştiinţificã

Autori: Elena Taran, Bogdan C. Donose, Ko Higashitani, Alexandru D. Asandei, Dan Scutaru and Nicolae Hurduc

Editorial: European Polymer Journal, vol. 42, p.119-125, 2006.

Rezumat:

Various combinations of Cu(0), CuCl, 2,2-bipyridine (bpy) and 1,10-phenanthroline (phen) were used as catalysts for the grafting polymerizations of styrene from polysiloxane macroinitiators functionalized with benzyl chloride. While Cu(0)/bpy alone promotes the grafting, narrower polydispersities were obtained in the presence of CuCl. Analysis of the Cu(0) surface before and after polymerization by a combination of AFM, TGA and FTIR investigations reveals the formation of bpy or phen films on Cu(0). In the presence of CuCl, the ligand film appears decorated with CuCl particles which increase in size with increasing the CuCl concentration. The initial layer occurs most likely as a result of complexation between the ligands and the Cu(0) surface and acts as a support for the rest of the film. These observations are consistent with the film formation on Cu(0) from related nitrogen donors and indicate that the reactivity of the Cu surface may depend not only on its prior treatment but also on the deposition of ligands from the reaction mixture.

Cuvinte cheie: ATPR, AFM