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Sulfonated polystyrene-type plasma-polymerized membranes for miniature direct methanol fuel cells

Domenii publicaţii > Fizica + Tipuri publicaţii > Articol în revistã ştiinţificã

Autori: Stephanie Roualdes, Ionut Topala, Habiba Mahdjoub, Vincent Rouessac, Philippe Sistat, Jean Durand

Editorial: Journal of Power Sources, 158 (2), p.1270-1281, 2006.


Sulfonated polystyrene-type membranes were synthesized by plasma polymerization of a mixture of styrene and trifluoromethane sulfonic acid monomers in a low-frequency after-glow discharge plasma reactor. Such a deposition process enables the preservation of the monomers structure, which was confirmed by mass spectrometry analysis. The synthesized plasma-polymerized membranes are dense and uniform with a few microns thickness. Their structure determined by Fourier-transform infra-red spectroscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy is very rich in sulfonic acid groups (up to 5%) and stable up to 120 °C. Even if their intrinsic proton conductivity is low (10-1 mS cm-1), directly related to their disorganized and highly cross-linked structure, plasma-polymerized membranes present a proton conduction ability similar to Nafion® because of their low thickness. Due to their highly cross-linked structure, these membranes enable a reduction of the methanol crossover in a factor 10 by comparison with Nafion®. Thus, the integration of plasma-polymerized films in miniaturized direct methanol fuel cells as proton-exchange membranes seems promising.

Cuvinte cheie: Plasma polymerization; Mass spectrometry; Fourier-transformed infra-red spectroscopy; Quartz crystal microbalance; Direct methanol fuel cell; Methanol crossover