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Autori: G. Anitescu, V. Munteanu, L.L. Tavlarides
Editorial: AIChE Journal, 50(7), p.1536-1544, 2004.
Comprehensive studies of monochlorobiphenyl (MCB) decomposition in supercritical water in the presence of methanol and other cosolvents, both with and without oxygen, are being conducted to understand the reaction kinetics and pathways of individual PCB isomers and to determine the structure-reactivity relationships. In the present study the disappearance rate of MCBs, delivered in an isothermal plug-flow tubular reactor as methanolic solutions, is investigated at 25 MPa and temperatures of 673, 723, and 773 K. Experiments are conducted at nominal MCB feed concentrations of 1-100 mol/L (reaction conditions) using MCB/MeOH and H2O2/H2O solutions (1-3 g/L and 0-10 wt. %, respectively). Molar conversions of these isomers vary from 3% (2-CB, 773 K, 2 s) to 30% (4-CB, 773 K, 46 s) without oxygen (SCWT) and from 1% (2-CB, 673 K, 3.8 s) to 97% (4-CB, 773 K, 24.5 s) with oxygen (SCWO). For SCWT the overall conversion follows apparent first order, whereas for SCWO the conversion is second order. The regressed data lead to Arrhenius parameters of frequency factor and activation energy with values of 1020.5-1021.3 s-1 and 320-331 kJ/mol for SCWT and 1024.1-1024.8 s-1 (mol/L)-1 and 281-292 kJ/mol for SCWO, respectively. The reactivity of the MCB isomers increases in the order 2-MCB < 3-MCB < 4-MCB. The positively identified reaction products by GC-MSD and GC-FID/ECD/TCD analyses are mainly biphenyl, open-ring biphenyl compounds such as acetophenone and benzaldehydes, and mineral products (CO, CO2, and HCl). More studies are in progress regarding the role of the second solvent on reaction rates and reaction mechanisms and pathways.
Cuvinte cheie: supercritical water oxidation/thermolysis, global kinetics, tubular flow reactor, GC-FID/ECD/TCD/MSD, PCBs, methanol