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Autori: A.I. Suciu
Editorial: Advances in algebraic geometry motivated by physics (Lowell, MA, 2000), E. Previato, American Math. Soc., Contemporary Mathematics, 276, p.43-79, 2001.
This is a survey of some recent developments in the study of complements of line arrangements in the complex plane. We investigate the fundamental groups and finite covers of those complements, focusing on homological and enumerative aspects. The unifying framework for this study is the stratification of the character variety of the fundamental group, G, by the jumping loci for cohomology with coefficients in rank 1 local systems. Counting certain torsion points on these „characteristic” varieties yields information about the homology of branched and unbranched covers of the complement, as well as on the number of low-index subgroups of its fundamental group. We conclude with two conjectures, expressing the lower central series quotients of G/G” (and, in some cases, G itself) in terms of the closely related „resonance” varieties. We illustrate the discussion with a number of detailed examples, some of which reveal new phenomena.
Cuvinte cheie: Complements of line arrangements, fundamental groups, characteristic varieties, resonance varieties, finite covers