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Nanostructured photocatalytic titania coatings elaborated by suspension plasma spraying

Domenii publicaţii > Stiinte ingineresti + Tipuri publicaţii > Articol în revistã ştiinţificã

Autori: F.-L. Toma, G. Bertrand, S. Lamy, D. Klein, C. Coddet, C. Meunier

Editorial: Journal of Thermal Spray Technology, 15 (4), p.587-592, 2006.

Rezumat:

This paper describes formation of titanium dioxide coatings designed for photocatalytic applications, obtained by suspension plasma spraying (SPS), an alternative of the atmospheric plasma spraying (APS) technique in which the material feedstock is a suspension of the material to be sprayed. Two different TiO2 powders were dispersed in distilled water and ethanol and injected in Ar-H2 or Ar-H2-He plasma under atmospheric conditions. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and x-ray diffraction (XRD) analyses were performed to study the microstructure of the titania coatings. Photocatalytic efficiency of the elaborated samples was evaluated from the conversion ratio of different air pollutants: nitrogen oxides (NOx) and sulfur dioxide (SO2). The morphology and crystalline structure of the deposits depended mainly on the nature of the solvent (water or alcohol) used in the preparation of the slurries. Dense coatings were obtained starting from aqueous suspensions and porous deposits were elaborated by plasma spraying of a PC105 alcoholic suspension. A significant phase transformation from anatase to rutile occurred when ethanol was used as a solvent. Different photocatalytic performances were observed as a function of the nature of the liquid material feedstock, the spraying parameters, and the nature of the pollutant.

Cuvinte cheie: suspension plasma spraying, NOx, SO2, photocatalysis, TiO2