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Sostituzione valvolare aortica in due pazienti ottuagenari coscienti senza intubazione tracheale in anestesia peridurale toracica

Domenii publicaţii > Ştiinţe medicale + Tipuri publicaţii > Articol în revistã ştiinţificã

Autori: S Casalino, G Lanzillo, F Mangia, E Stelian, C Sozio, Gh Cerin, UF Tesler, M Diena

Editorial: Giornale Italiano di Cardiologia, 7 (9), p.646-50, 2006.

Rezumat:

The association of advanced age with various comorbidities increases the risk of mortality and morbidity in cardiac surgery. The utilization of high thoracic epidural anesthesia (HTEA) in this setting presents numerous potential benefits, including early recovery of consciousness and of spontaneous ventilation, hemodynamic stability, enhanced analgesia, improved pulmonary function, and earlier recovery. Moreover, this anesthesiological technique allows the performance of surgical procedures on the conscious patient, thus making continuous monitoring of the cerebral function feasible. We have employed HTEA without tracheal intubation on 2 gravely compromised octogenarian patients who underwent aortic valve replacement for critical aortic stenosis. Epidural anesthesia without tracheal intubation in these patients permitted the avoidance of general anesthetics and allowed the continuous evaluation of their cognitive function. Further, by avoiding the positive pulmonary pressures of mechanical ventilators, the technique contributed to preserve physiologic intrapulmonary pressures, thus positively affecting the pulmonary circulation. In our opinion, the utilization of HTEA without tracheal intubation may decrease the surgical risk in selected patients.

Cuvinte cheie: caz clinic, chirurgie cardiaca, anestezie epidurala inalta // case report, cardiac surgery, high thoracic epidural anesthesia