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Effects of the length of crosslink chain on poly(2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate) (pHEMA) swelling and biomechanical properties

Domenii publicaţii > Chimie + Tipuri publicaţii > Articol în revistã ştiinţificã

Autori: Mabilleau, G, Stancu, IC, Honore, T, Legeay, G, Cincu, C, Basle, MF, Chappard, D.



Polymers are widely used in medicine for vascular prostheses, bone substitutes, and devices for controlled release. Among these polymers, poly(2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate) (pHEMA) is the most employed. To confer particular properties, pHEMA can be copolymerized with other monomers or in the presence of plasticizers or crosslinking agents. The influence of the length of crosslink chains on swelling, surface rugosity, hardness, and stiffness of crosslinked pHEMA were studied by several techniques, including fractal analysis and AFM. Four crosslinking agents (divinyl benzene, DVB; ethylene glycol dimethacrylate, EGDMA; tetraethylene glycol diacrylate, TEGDA; and polyethylene glycol diacrylate, PEGDA) were added to the bulk polymerization mixture. Only linear and PEGDA-pHEMA presented a significant decrease in surface roughness confirmed by fractal analysis. Differences in hardness and biomechanical properties were evidenced on dried polymers but the highest differences were exhibited for hydrated pHEMA. Correlations between the length of the crosslink chain and hardness or stiffness of hydrated crosslinked pHEMA were evidenced. TEGDA and PEGDA appeared to be the two most suitable crosslinking agents for controlled release of bioactive molecules in bone.

Cuvinte cheie: poly(2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate) • cross-link chain length • biomechanics • hardness • swelling