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Nucleosomes containing the histone variant H2A.Bbd organize only 118 base pairs of DNA

Domenii publicaţii > Biologie + Tipuri publicaţii > Articol în revistã ştiinţificã

Autori: Yunhe Bao, Kasey Konesky, Young-Jun Park, Simona Rosu, Pamela N Dyer, Danny Rangasamy, David J Tremethick, Paul J Laybourn & Karolin Luger

Editorial: EMBO Journal, 2004.

Rezumat:

H2A.Bbd is an unusual histone variant whose sequence is only 48% conserved compared to major H2A. The major sequence differences are in the docking domain that tethers the H2A–H2B dimer to the (H3–H4)2 tetramer; in addition, the C-terminal tail is absent in H2A.Bbd. We assembled nucleosomes in which H2A is replaced by H2A.Bbd (Bbd-NCP), and found that Bbd-NCP had a more relaxed structure in which only 1182 bp of DNA is protected against digestion with micrococcal nuclease. The absence of fluorescence resonance energy transfer between the ends of the DNA in Bbd-NCP indicates that the distance between the DNA ends is increased significantly. The Bbd docking domain is largely responsible for this behavior, as shown by domain-swap experiments. Bbd-containing nucleosomal arrays repress transcription from a natural promoter, and this repression can be alleviated by transcriptional activators Tax and CREB. The structural properties of Bbd-NCP described here have important implications for the in vivo function of this histone variant and are consistent with its proposed role in transcriptionally active chromatin.

Cuvinte cheie: chromatin, histone variants