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Presenilin-mediated signal transduction

Domenii publicaţii > Biologie + Tipuri publicaţii > Articol în revistã ştiinţificã

Autori: Cowburn RF, Popescu BO, Ankarcrona M, Dehvari N, Cedazo-Minguez A

Editorial: Physiol Behav., 92, p.93-7, 2007.


Presenilin proteins, mutated forms of which cause early onset familial Alzheimer’s disease, are capable of modulating various cell signal transduction pathways, the most extensively studied of which has been intracellular calcium signalling. Disease causing presenilin mutations can potentiate inositol(1,4,5)trisphosphate (InsP3) mediated endoplasmic reticulum release due to calcium overload in this organelle, as well as attenuate capacitative calcium entry. Our own studies have shown a novel function for presenilins that involves regulation of acetylcholine muscarinic receptor-stimulated phospholipase C upstream of InsP3 regulated calcium release. This article reviews the mechanisms by which presenilins modulate intracellular calcium signalling and the role that deregulated calcium homeostasis could play in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer’s disease.

Cuvinte cheie: presenilin, calcium, inositol phosphate, cell signalling