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Autori: Iorga B., Candau R., Travers F., Barman T. and Lionne C.
Editorial: J Muscle Res Cell Motil, 25(4-5), p.367-378, 2004.
The ATPases (+/-Ca2+) of myofibrils from rabbit soleus (a slow muscle) and psoas (a fast muscle) have different Ea: -Ca2+, 78 and 60 kJ/mol and +Ca2+, 155 and 71 kJ/mol, respectively. At physiological temperatures, the two types of myofibrillar ATPase are very similar and yet the mechanical properties of the muscles are different (Candau et al. (2003) Biophys J 85: 3132-3141). Muscle contraction relies on specific interactions of the different chemical states on the myosin head ATPase pathway with the thin filament. An explanation for the Ea data is that different states populate the pathways of the two types of myofibril because the rate limiting steps are different. Here, we put this to the test by a comparison of the transient kinetics of the initial steps of the ATPases of the two types of myofibril at 4 degrees C. We used two methods: rapid flow quench (‘cold ATP chase’: titration of active sites, ATP binding kinetics, k(cat); ‘Pi burst’: ATP cleavage kinetics) and fluorescence stopped-flow (MDCC-phosphate binding protein for free Pi; myofibrillar tryptophan fluorescence for myosin head-thin filament detachment and ATP cleavage kinetics). We find that, as with psoas myofibrils, the most populated state on the cross-bridge cycle of soleus myofibrils, whether relaxed or activated, is (A)M.ADP.Pi. We propose a reaction pathway that includes several (A)M.ADP.Pi sub-states that are either ‘weak’ or ‘strong’, depending on the mechanical condition.
[ISI impact factor in 2004: 1.721]
Cuvinte cheie: Adenosine Diphosphate, Adenosine Triphosphatases, Adenosine Triphosphate, Muscle Contraction, Muscle, Skeletal, Myofibrils, Phosphates, Psoas Muscles, Rabbits // Adenosine Diphosphate, Adenosine Triphosphatases, Adenosine Triphosphate, Muscle Contraction, Muscle, Skeletal, Myofibrils, Phosphates, Psoas Muscles, Rabbits