Scopul nostru este sprijinirea şi promovarea cercetării ştiinţifice şi facilitarea comunicării între cercetătorii români din întreaga lume.
Autori: Iorga B., Blaudeck N., Solzin J., Neulen A., Stehle I., Lopez Davila A. J., Pfitzer G. and Stehle R.
Editorial: Cardiovasc Res, 77(4), p.676-686, 2008.
AIMS: To understand the functional consequences of the Lys184 deletion in murine cardiac troponin I (mcTnI(DeltaK184)), we have studied the primary effects of this mutation linked to familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (FHC) at the sarcomeric level. METHODS AND RESULTS: Ca(2+) sensitivity and kinetics of force development and relaxation were investigated in cardiac myofibrils from transgenic mice expressing mcTnI(DeltaK184), as a model which co-segregates with FHC. Ca(2+)-dependent conformational changes (switch-on/off) of the fluorescence-labelled human troponin complex, containing either wild-type hcTnI or mutant hcTnI(DeltaK183), were investigated in myofibrils prepared from the guinea pig left ventricle. Ca(2+) sensitivity and maximum Ca(2+)-activated and passive forces were significantly enhanced and cooperativity was reduced in mutant myofibrils. At partial Ca(2+) activation, mutant but not wild-type myofibrils displayed spontaneous oscillatory contraction of sarcomeres. Both conformational switch-off rates of the incorporated troponin complex and the myofibrillar relaxation kinetics were slowed down by the mutation. Impaired relaxation kinetics and increased force at low [Ca(2+)] were reversed by 2,3-butanedione monoxime (BDM), which traps cross-bridges in non-force-generating states. CONCLUSION: We conclude that these changes are not due to alterations of the intrinsic cross-bridge kinetics. The molecular mechanism of sarcomeric diastolic dysfunction in this FHC model is based on the impaired regulatory switch-off kinetics of cTnI, which induces incomplete inhibition of force-generating cross-bridges at low [Ca(2+)] and thereby slows down relaxation of sarcomeres. Ca(2+) sensitization and impairment of the relaxation of sarcomeres induced by this mutation may underlie the enhanced systolic function and diastolic dysfunction at the sarcomeric level.
[ISI impact factor in 2007: 6.127]
Cuvinte cheie: Ca2+ sensitization, cross-bridge kinetics, diastolic dysfunction, hypercontractility, sarcomere, dynamics // Ca2+ sensitization, cross-bridge kinetics, diastolic dysfunction, hypercontractility, sarcomere, dynamics