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Interaction of a cyclin E fragment with Ku70 regulates Bax-mediated apoptosis

Domenii publicaţii > Biologie + Tipuri publicaţii > Articol în revistã ştiinţificã

Autori: Mazumder S, Plesca D, Kinter M, Almasan A.

Editorial: Mol Cell Biol, 27, p.3511-20, 2007.

Rezumat:

The cyclin E/Cdk2 complex plays an essential role in the G(1)/S cell cycle transition and DNA replication. Earlier we showed that in hematopoietic tumor cells, caspase-mediated cleavage of cyclin E generates p18-cyclin E, which is unable to interact with Cdk2 and therefore plays a role independent of the cell cycle. The expression of a cleavage-resistant cyclin E mutant greatly diminishes apoptosis, indicating the critical role of cyclin E cleavage. p18-cyclin E expression can induce apoptosis or sensitization to apoptotic stimuli in many cell types. Here we identify Ku70 as a specific p18-cyclin E-interacting partner. In hematopoietic tumor cell lines, the association of p18-cyclin E with Ku70 induces the dissociation of Bax from Ku70, followed by Bax activation. This mechanism of Bax activation leads to the amplification of the apoptosis signal in all tumor cell lines examined. N-terminal Ku70 deletion mutants are unable to bind to p18-cyclin E to regulate its apoptotic effect. p18-cyclin E-mediated amplification of apoptosis is dependent on Bax and Ku70 being greatly diminished in Ku70(-/-) and Bax(-/-) mouse embryo fibroblasts and in hematopoietic cells where Bax knockdown was achieved by short interfering RNA. The p18-cyclin E/Ku70 and Bax/Ku70 interactions provide a balance between apoptosis and the survival of cells exposed to genotoxic stress.

Cuvinte cheie: cyclin E, apoptosis, caspase