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Screening and quantification of aflatoxins and ochratoxin a in different cereals cultivated in Romania using Thin-Layer Chromatography-Densitometry

Domenii publicaţii > Chimie + Tipuri publicaţii > Articol în revistã ştiinţificã

Autori: Braicu, C., Puia, C., Bodoki, E., Socaciu, C.

Editorial: Journal of Food Quality, 31 (1), p.108-120, 2008.

Rezumat:

The main focus of our study was to implement a rapid, inexpensive and reliable method that could be utilized to check the cereals for safety (i.e., screening for total aflatoxins, as well as individual B1, B 2, G1, G2 aflatoxins and ochratoxin A). We developed a protocol by which we were able to isolate mycotoxins from cereals collected from different regions of Romania. After extraction in chloroform, the mycotoxins were separated by thin-layer chromatography (TLC) and quantified using densitometry. Forty-three samples of different cereals (wheat, maize, rye and Triticale) were analyzed. Twenty-five of the 43 samples (58.14% of the total number) were found to be contaminated with different mycotoxins in various concentrations: aflatoxin B1 (1.6-5.7 μg/kg), aflatoxin B 2 (0.89-4 μg/kg), aflatoxin G1 (1.2-5.76 μg/kg), aflatoxin G2 (0.96-3.4 μg/kg) and/or 4.3-30 μg/kg ochratoxin A. The concentration of total aflatoxin contamination ranged from 11.2 to 10.8 μg/kg. Among the different cereals, the highest number of contaminated samples was found to be in the wheat samples (62.5%). The method outlined in this study has been adopted already by our laboratory for current analyses of mycotoxins. The results obtained using this method is in compliance with the strict regulatory guidelines developed both in Romania, as well as in the European Union.

Cuvinte cheie: screening, aflatoxins, ochratoxin, cereals, TLC, densitometry