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Dynamics of Reactive Distillation Processes with Potential Liquid Phase Splitting based on Equilibrium Stage Models

Domenii publicaţii > Stiinte ingineresti + Tipuri publicaţii > Articol în revistã ştiinţificã

Autori: Rãdulescu, G., Gangadwala, J., Paraschiv, N., Kienle, A., Sundmacher, K.

Editorial: Elsevier Ltd., Computers & Chemical Engineering, Vol. 33, p.590-597, 2009.

Rezumat:

A dynamic reactive distillation (RD) column model is developed for highly nonideal systems with potential phase splitting. Dynamic simulations and non-linear dynamic analysis are performed for recovery of acetic acid from waste waters by esterification with n-butanol, which is an interesting alternative to nonreactive separation processes. Two alternative RD column designs were tested with respect to their open loop transient responses to process disturbances. One parameter continuation with eigenvalue calculations reveals existence of multiple steady states with stable and unstable branches. These steady states were found to have totally different phase splitting behavior of the original liquid phase inside the column. Conclusions are drawn for process operation.

Cuvinte cheie: separare de faze, studii de continuitate, simulare dinamica, distilare reactiva, butyl-acetat, esterificare, recuperarea acidului acetic // phase splitting, continuation, dynamic simulation, reactive distillation, esterification, acetic acid recovery

URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.compchemeng.2008.08.010