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Amphibian distribution in a traditionally managed rural landscape of Eastern Europe: probing the effect of landscape composition

Domenii publicaţii > Biologie + Tipuri publicaţii > Articol în revistã ştiinţificã

Autori: Hartel, T., Schweiger, O., Öllerer, K., Cogalniceanu, D., Arntzen, J.W

Editorial: Biological Conservation, 143, p.1118-1124, 2010.


A massive decline of biodiversity is caused by land-use changes. Efforts must therefore be made to better understand the factors that govern organismal distribution, especially for countries where traditional management is about to be intensified such as in Romania. We here document the spatial distribution of amphibians from a Romanian rural landscape where land-use is still largely traditional. We related the occurrence of nine amphibian species and species richness to measures of composition and configuration of the landscape surrounding 54 ponds at three spatial scales: circular areas of 400, 600 and 800 m radii. Busy roads most severely impacted single species and amphibian richness whereas landscape composition measures, such as cover of urban areas, agricultural areas, pastures, forests and wetlands were of little importance. We suggest that the relative unimportance of landscape compositional measures on amphibians is a consequence of the traditional management of these landscapes that keep the environmental conditions favorable for most species.

Cuvinte cheie: breeding pond use, conservation, landscape ecology, spatial models, Romania