Scopul nostru este sprijinirea şi promovarea cercetării ştiinţifice şi facilitarea comunicării între cercetătorii români din întreaga lume.
Autori: Nuno Carlos Leitao,Horácio Faustino, Yushi Yoshida
Editorial: Economics Bulletin , 30 (2), p.1006-115, 2010.
By analyzing vertical intra-industry trade (VIIT) within Portugal’s automobile parts and components industry, this
study adds new empirical evidence for the international fragmentation of the production process. For trade partner
countries, we choose the EU countries, the BRICs, and the US during the period 1995 to 2005. From panel data
analysis, the empirical evidence supports the notion that shorter geographical distance, dissimilar income levels, and
dissimilar endowments between two economies lead to a higher VIIT of automobile components. In addition, our
results also confirm the hypothesis that automobile (assembly) production in each country promotes higher VIIT of
auto parts, while economic integration in the style of the European Union and similarity in culture do not magnify the
VIIT of the parts and components industry. We conclude that income differences between trade partner countries are
an important driver via the international fragmentation of production of a higher VIIT. However, a call for a
geographically closer vertical linkage by the agglomeration effect for large domestic automobile production leads a firm
to keep the entire production process within a country and may deter this income-difference effect
Cuvinte cheie: Vertical Intra-industry Trade, Fragmentation, Portugal