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Electron transfer from a carbon nanotube into vacuum under high electric fields

Domenii publicaţii > Fizica + Tipuri publicaţii > Articol în revistã ştiinţificã

Autori: L. D. Filip, R. C. Smith, J. D. Carey, S. R. P. Silva

Editorial: Journal of Physics-Condensed Matter, 21, p.19, 2009.

Rezumat:

The transfer of an electron from a carbon nanotube (CNT) tip into vacuum under a high electric field is considered beyond the usual one-dimensional semi-classical approach. A model of the potential energy outside the CNT cap is proposed in order to show the importance of the intrinsic CNT parameters such as radius, length and vacuum barrier height. This model also takes into account set-up parameters such as the shape of the anode and the anode-to-cathode distance, which are generically portable to any modelling study of electron emission from a tip emitter. Results obtained within our model compare well to experimental data. Moreover, in contrast to the usual one-dimensional Wentzel-Kramers-Brillouin description, our model retains the ability to explain non-standard features of the process of electron field emission from CNTs that arise as a result of the quantum behaviour of electrons on the surface of the CNT.

Cuvinte cheie: nanotubes, emission properties, energy distributions