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Arginine vasotocin mRNA revealed by in situ hybridization in bovine pineal gland cells.

Domenii publicaţii > Ştiinţe medicale + Tipuri publicaţii > Articol în revistã ştiinţificã

Autori: Badiu C, Coculescu M, Moller M.

Editorial: Springer Verlag, Germany, Cell Tissue Res. 1999 Feb;295(2):225-9., 295(2), p.225-229, 1999.


Arginine vasopressin (AVP) is the main antidiuretic hormone in mammals and arginine vasotocin (AVT) in submammalian vertebrates. The possibility that the genetic material encoding AVT is maintained in mammals is controversial. In this study, we investigated by radioactive in situ hybridization the possible presence of the mRNA encoding AVP and AVT, and using immunocytochemistry the presence of structures immunoreactive for AVP and AVT in the bovine pineal gland. In situ hybridization was performed by use of 35S-labelled oligoprobes. Immunocytochemistry was performed using specific polyclonal rabbit antibodies and the avidin-biotin-complex method. In situ hybridization revealed positive signals for both AVP mRNA and AVT mRNA in a few cells scattered throughout the pineal body. Immunocytochemistry revealed thin AVP-immunoreactive fibres in the pineal stalk and the pineal gland. It also revealed staining of several AVT-immunoreactive nerve fibres in both the pineal stalk and the gland. In addition, polyhedral, neuron-like cell bodies from which two to three processes emerged were also AVT-immunoreactive. Thus, our investigation shows the presence of AVP/AVT-immunoreactive cellular structures in the bovine pineal gland. Our data further show the presence of mRNAs encoding both AVT and AVP. We therefore suggest that AVT mRNA is translated into an AVT-like peptide in the bovine pineal.

Cuvinte cheie: RNA mesager pentru arginin vasotocina, glanda pineala bovina // vasotocin mRNA, bovine pineal gland