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Late Holocene paleoenvironments and human impact in Fãgãraş Depression (Southern Transylvania, Romania)

Domenii publicaţii > Ştiinţele pământului şi planetare + Tipuri publicaţii > Articol în revistã ştiinţificã

Autori: Tanţãu, I., Fãrcaş, S., Beldean, C., Geantã, A., Ştefãnescu, L

Editorial: Carpathian Journal of Earth and Environmental Sciences, 6(1), p.101-108, 2011.

Rezumat:

A 4800-year-long sequence of environmental change during the Late Holocene has been reconstructed for southern Transylvania (Romania). The research design used palynological methods to reconstruct vegetation history and human impact in the region. We present here the results of pollen
analysis of one sequence of about 11.90 m length, originating from a peat bog near Avrig (113 pollen spectra). The vegetation record, which is supported by four 14C dates, starts in the Subboreal with the Carpinus optimum. The first indications of human activities in the region appear at around 4600 cal yr BP. Some environmental changes were possibly linked with natural phenomena. A colder period that begins at about 600-700 cal yr BP could be correlated with the LIA event (Little Ice Age). However, the
most significant changes were initiated between 2500 and 180 cal yr BP and were directly or indirectly associated with human occupation. These human-induced effects included major forest clearance, fire, agriculture and grazing.

Cuvinte cheie: paleoenvironments, vegetation history, human impact, pollen analysis, Holocene, Transylvania