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Autori: Morariu S., Bercea M.
Editorial: ACS, The Journal of Physical Chemistry B, 116, p.48-154, 2012.
The viscoelastic properties of 2% poly(ethylene glycol) aqueous solutions containing Laponite RD from 1% to 4% were investigated by oscillatory and flow measurements in the temperature range of 15-40 degrees C. The enhancement of the clay content from mixture causes the increase of the viscoelastic moduli and the change of the flow from liquid-like behavior (Maxwellian fluid) to a solid-like one at a set temperature. The longest relaxation times (tau(1)) of the mixtures with low clay concentrations (1% and 2%) are not affected by changes in temperature unlike the samples having high content of clay at which tau(1) increases above 30 degrees C and below 17.5 degrees C. The characteristic behavior of the mixtures with the high clay concentration could be explained by considering the effect of Brownian motion on the network structure formed in these dispersions as well as by the poor solubility of poly(ethylene glycol) in water at high temperatures. The flow activation energy was determined and discussed. An abrupt increase of the flow activation energy was evidenced between 2% and 3% Laponite RD. The rheological measurements carried out at different rest times showed a decrease of the gelation time from 1 week to 2 h when the clay concentration increases from 2% to 4%. The aging kinetics of poly(ethylene glycol)/Laponite RD/water mixtures, investigated at 25 degrees C, revealed the increase of the viscosity-rate kinetic constant by increasing the clay concentration.
Cuvinte cheie: Laponite Dispersions, Nanocomposite, Phase-Diagram, Gelation, Aggregation, Aging, Poly(ethylene glycol)