Scopul nostru este sprijinirea şi promovarea cercetării ştiinţifice şi facilitarea comunicării între cercetătorii români din întreaga lume.
Autori: Distler C, Rathee PK, Lips KS, Obreja O, Neuhuber W, Kress M.
Editorial: J Neurophysiol, 2003.
Calcium influx and the resulting increase in intracellular calcium concentration ([Ca(2+)](i)) can induce enhanced sensitivity to temperature increases in nociceptive neurons. This sensitization accounts for heat hyperalgesia that is regularly observed following the activation of excitatory inward currents by pain-producing mediators. Here we show that rat sensory neurons express calcium-dependent adenylyl cyclases (AC) using RT-PCR and nonradioactive in situ hybridization. Ionomycin-induced rises in [Ca(2+)](i)-activated calcium-dependent AC and caused translocation of catalytic protein kinase A subunit. Elevation of [Ca(2+)](i) finally resulted in a significant potentiation of heat-activated currents and a drop in heat threshold. This was not prevented in the presence of suramin that nonspecifically uncouples G protein-dependent receptors. The sensitization was, however, inhibited when the specific PKA antagonist PKI(14-22) was added to the pipette solution or when PKA coupling to A kinase anchoring protein (AKAP) was disrupted with InCELLect StHt-31 uncoupling peptide. The results show that heat sensitization in nociceptive neurons can be induced by increases in [Ca(2+)](i) and requires PKA that is functionally coupled to the heat transducer, mostly likely vanilloid receptor VR-1. This calcium-dependent pathway can account for the sensitizing properties of many excitatory mediators that activate cationic membrane currents.
Cuvinte cheie: heat hyperalgesia, peripheral sensitization, TRPV1, kinase signaling, anchor proteins, patch clamp, calcium imaging.