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A rational design of the of the multiwalled carbon nanotube -7,7,8,8-tetra cyanoquinodimethane sensor for sensitive detection of acetylcholinesterase inhibitors

Domenii publicaţii > Chimie + Tipuri publicaţii > Articol în revistã ştiinţificã

Autori: Lucian Rotariu, Lucian G. Zamfir, Camelia Bala

Editorial: Analytica Chimica Acta, 748, p.81-88, 2012.

Rezumat:

A new, simple and effective amperometric acetylcholinesterase biosensor was developed using screen-printed carbon electrodes modified with carbon nanotubes (MWCNTs)–7,7,8,8-tetracyanoquinodimethane (TCNQ). The design of the biosensor was based on the supramolecular arrangement resulted from the interaction of MWCNTs and TCNQ. This arrangement was confirmed by spectroscopic and electrochemical techniques. Two different supramolecular arrangements were proposed based on different MWCNTs:TCNQ ratios. The synergistic effect of MWCNTs and TCNQ was, for the first time, exploited for detection of thiocholine at low potential with high sensitivity. The biosensor developed by immobilization of acetylcholinesterase (AChE) in sol–gel allowed the detection of two reference AChE inhibitors, paraoxon-methyl and chlorpyrifos with detection limits of 30 pM (7 ppt) and 0.4 nM (0.1 ppb), respectively. Efficient enzyme reactivation was obtained by using obidoxime.

Cuvinte cheie: Carbon nanotube, TCNQ, Acetylcholinesterase, Supramolecular arrangement, Screen printed electrode, Biosensor