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Criminal Liability of Government Members in Romanian Law,

Domenii publicaţii > Ştiinţe sociale + Tipuri publicaţii > Articol în volumul unei conferinţe

Autori: Narcisa- Mihaela Stoicu, Sorin Fildan

Editorial: International Proceedings of Economics Development and Research, Society, Humanity an History, Selected, peer reviewed from the 2012 International Conference on Society, Humanity an History (ICSHH 2012), 23-24 iunie, 2012, in Singapore, China, 44, p.61-64, 2012.

Rezumat:

The criminal liability of Government members knows different solutions at constitutional and legal level, but everywhere the Parliament plays a key role.
In some constitutional systems (England, USA, Italy, Spain, Belgium, Greece), the indictment of Government members is made by one of the Houses of Parliament or by the Parliament, whether it has a unicameral or bicameral structure.
In other constitutional systems (Netherlands, Denmark), the indictment of Government members can be made only by the head of state or by the two Houses of Parliament.
In yet other constitutional systems (France, Portugal, Austria, Slovenia), the competence for indicting ministers who have committed offences in the exercise of their duties pertains to special authorities with jurisdictional powers, or to judicial authorities.
In Romania, art. 109 par. (2) of the Constitution provides that „only the Chamber of Deputies, the Senate and the President of Romania have the right to seek prosecution of Government members for acts committed in the exercise of their duties”.

Cuvinte cheie: Criminal liability, Government, members.