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INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION AGAINST HUMAN TRAFFICKING

Domenii publicaţii > Ştiinţe sociale + Tipuri publicaţii > Articol în revistã ştiinţificã

Autori: Ioniţa COCHINÞU Laura TUTUNARU Narcisa Mihaela STOICU Daniela Cristina VALEA

Editorial: Curentul Juridic, 2 (45), p.78-86, 2011.

Rezumat:

Trafficking in human beings, a phenomenon with global dimensions
constitutes a serious violation of human rights, dignity and freedom, a social
phenomenon with negative consequences for the entire society.
Countries have been concerned over the time to find the most effective policy measures
to combat and prevent human trafficking, and in this regard the United Nations, the
European Union and the Council of Europe have developed a series of international
documents which established an international legal framework for the criminalization
of trafficking in human beings.
In Romania, Law no. 300/2006 for the ratification of the Council of Europe
Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings, signed by Romania in
Warsaw on May 16, 2005, and Law no. 678/2001 are the main instruments for
preventing and combating trafficking in human beings. Thus, these instruments
establish the measures that regulate the activity of prevention, criminalization of
trafficking in human beings and trafficking related offences, seizure, non-punishment
provisions and judicial procedures, the protection and reintegration of trafficking
victims, as well as international judicial cooperation. Likewise, therein are provided
a number of authorities and public institutions, NGOs and other civil society
representatives that shall co-operate in order to pursue a sustained activity of
prevention of trafficking in human beings, especially in women and children.
Protection of human rights and fundamental freedoms is a constant concern of all
systems of law. Preventing and combating the phenomena of trafficking in human
beings is all the more important as trafficking is a threat to constitutional order and
the legal framework establishes a series of social protection measures that are meant
to prevent serious violation of human rights which may occur as a result of trafficking
crimes.

Cuvinte cheie: human trafficking, trafficking related offences, international instruments for preventing and combating human trafficking, Romanian legislation regarding human trafficking crimes