Autori: Sorin Fildan, Narcisa- Mihaela Stoicu
Editorial: International Proceedings of Economics Development and Research, Society, Humanity an History, Selected, peer reviewed from the 2012 International Conference on Society, Humanity an History (ICSHH 2012), 23-24 iunie, 2012, in Singapore, China, 44, p.65-69, 2012.
As an integral part of the civil capacity of use, the capacity to sell and buy pertains, in principle, to all subjects of civil law – natural or artificial persons, and as part of the full civil capacity of exercise, it pertains to all persons who enjoy a full capacity of exercise.
The rule of generality for the capacity of use of the right to sell and/or buy is expressed in art. 1652 in the new Civil Code, according to which: „All can buy and sell who are not prohibited to do so by the law”; any exceptions to the rule must be expressly foreseen by the law. As all other exceptions, they are of strict interpretation, and cannot be extended or applied by analogy to other situations than those specified by the legislator.
Through a series of provisions comprised in the Romanian Constitution of 1991, republished, in the new Civil Code or in some special laws, the legislator instituted a series of special incapacities (prohibitions) for sale, purchase or for both sale and purchase.
The new Civil Code institutes, in art. 1655, the special incapacities for sale, and the texts of art. 1653 and 1654 institute the special incapacities for purchase.
Cuvinte cheie: Capacity, incapacities, sell, buy