Scopul nostru este sprijinirea şi promovarea cercetării ştiinţifice şi facilitarea comunicării între cercetătorii români din întreaga lume.
Autori: Krey JF, Pasca SP, Shcheglovitov O, Yazawa M, Schwemberger R, Rasmusson R, Dolmetsch RE
Editorial: Nature Neuroscience, 16, p.201–209 , 2013.
L-type voltage gated calcium channels have an important role in neuronal development by promoting dendritic growth and arborization. A point mutation in the gene encoding CaV1.2 causes Timothy syndrome, a neurodevelopmental disorder associated with autism spectrum disorders (ASDs). We report that channels with the Timothy syndrome alteration cause activity-dependent dendrite retraction in rat and mouse neurons and in induced pluripotent stem cell (iPSC)-derived neurons from individuals with Timothy syndrome. Dendrite retraction was independent of calcium permeation through the mutant channel, was associated with ectopic activation of RhoA and was inhibited by overexpression of the channel-associated GTPase Gem. These results suggest that CaV1.2 can activate RhoA signaling independently of Ca2+ and provide insights into the cellular basis of Timothy syndrome and other ASDs.
Cuvinte cheie: autism, iPS cells, dendrites, activity, L-type calcium channels