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Molecular characterization of old local grapevine varieties from south east European countries

Domenii publicaţii > Stiinte ingineresti + Tipuri publicaţii > Articol în revistã ştiinţificã

Autori: Zulij Mihaljevic, M.; Simon, S.; Pejic, I.; Carka, F.; Sevo, R.; Kojic, A.; Gasi, F.; Tomic, L.; Jovanovic Cvetkovic, T.; Maletic, E.; Preiner, D.; Bozinovic, Z.; Savin, G.; Cornea, V.; Maras, V.; Tomic Mugosa, M.; Botu, M.; Popa, A.; Beleski, K.

Editorial: Vitis, 52 (2) , p.69-76, 2013.

Rezumat:

South East European (SEE) viticulture partially relies on native grapevine varieties, previously scarcely described. In order to characterize old local grapevine varieties and assess the level of synonymy and genetic diversity from SEE countries, we described and
genotyped 122 accessions from Albania, Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (B&H), Croatia, Macedonia, Moldova, Montenegro, Republika Srpska (Bosnia and Herzegovina) and Romania on nine most commonly used microsatellite loci. As a result of the study a total of 86 different genotypes were identified. All loci were very polymorphic and a total of 96 alleles were detected, ranging from 8 to 14 alleles per locus, with an average allele number of 10.67. Overall observed heterozygosity was 0.759 and slightly lower than expected (0.789) while gene diversity per locus varied between 0.600 (VVMD27) and 0.906 (VVMD28). Eleven cases of synonymy and three of homonymy have been recorded for samples harvested from different countries. Cultivars with identical genotypes were mostly detected between neighboring countries. No clear differentiation between countries was detected although several specific alleles were detected. The integration of the obtained genetic data with ampelographic ones is very important for accurate identification of the SEE cultivars and provides a significant tool in cultivar preservation and utilization.

Cuvinte cheie: Vitis vinifera, microsatellites, genotyping, South East European germplasm