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Influence of the crystalline microstructure on the diffusivity of hydrogen in palladium galvanostatic permeation and X-ray diffraction measurements

Domenii publicaţii > Chimie + Tipuri publicaţii > Articol în revistã ştiinţificã

Autori: Romulus V. Bucur, Emil Indrea

Editorial: Acta Metallurgica , 135(6), p.1325–, 1987.

Rezumat:

The influence of crystalline microstructure upon the apparent diffusion coefficient of hydrogen in Pd samples are reported. The apparent diffusion coefficient was measured by the galvanostatic permeation method (at 20°C), while the structure was characterized by X-ray diffraction measurements. Pd membrane electrodes of different thicknesses, l = 5 × 10−3cm and l = 10−2cm, were used. The structure of Pd membrane electrodes was changed by successive annealing and sequences of absorption and desorption of hydrogen accompanied by the α⇌β phase transition. Both the irreversible and reversible traps affect the mobility of hydrogen in Pd. The irreversible traps manifest in the variation of the apparent diffusion coefficient as a function of the average stationary bulk concentration of hydrogen, while the diffusion coefficient of the free hydrogen does not depend on the actual concentration of hydrogen in Pd. This is true provided that the average stationary bulk concentration of hydrogen is higher than the irreversible trap concentration. The diffusion coefficient of free hydrogen depends on the specific internal surface area according to McNabb-Foster-like equation. The value of the diffusion coefficient of hydrogen in single crystal of palladium was estimated, D0 = (4.2 ± 0.3) × 10−7 cm2s−1 (20°C).

Cuvinte cheie: diffusion coefficient of hydrogen in Pd , X-ray diffraction , McNabb-Foster-like equation