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Autori: Lucian Drãguţ, Ovidiu Csillik, Jozef Minár, Ian Evans
Editorial: T. Guoan, Z. Qiming, H. Mitasova, T. Hengl, Proceedings Geomorphometry 2013, p.O-6-1-O-6-, 2013.
In this paper, we introduce an algorithm to delineate elementary forms on Digital Elevation Models (DEMs). Elementary forms are defined by constant values of
fundamental morphometric properties and limited by discontinuities of these properties. A multiresolution segmentation technique was customized to partition the layers of altitude derivatives into homogeneous divisions through a self-scalable procedure, which reveals the pattern encoded within the data. Layers were segmented successively, following the order of elevation derivatives, i.e. gradient, aspect, profile curvature, and plan curvature. Each segmentation was
followed by extraction of elementary forms, thus leaving only heterogeneous surfaces for further segmentation steps. The sequential selection of elementary forms was based on dynamic thresholds of: 1) the inner variance of the respective landsurface variable (LSV); 2) the difference between the mean LSV value of the target segment and the mean LSV values of its adjacent segments; and 3) the shape indices of segments. The results were compared with an existing manually-drawn geomorphological map to evaluate the potential of the algorithm of producing morphologically meaningful landsurface divisions. The evaluation showed that most segments are either directly comparable with manual delineations, or have a clear morphological meaning. We conclude that
algorithmic delineation of elementary forms from real DEMs is feasible; more work is needed, however, to design a fully operational process.
Cuvinte cheie: algorithm; MRS; homogeneity; variance; geomorphological mapping.