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Climate variability in the Carpathian Mountains region over 1961-2010

Domenii publicaţii > Ştiinţele pământului şi planetare + Tipuri publicaţii > Articol în revistã ştiinţificã

Autori: Cheval S, Birsan MV, Dumitrescu A

Editorial: Global and Planetary Change, 118, p.85-96, 2014.

Rezumat:

The Carpathian Mountains Region (CMR) lies over parts of the territories of seven Central and South-Eastern European countries, and the mountain chain induces major changes in the temperate climate specific to the latitudes between 43° and 49°N. Different administrations govern the long-term meteorological networks; the infrastructure, collection protocols, and storage capacities are specific to each country, so that a comprehensive study on the climate of the area has met considerable difficulties along time. Climate of the Carpathian Region (CARPATCLIM) is a regional initiative developed between 2010 and 2013 aiming to enhance the climatic information in the area by providing comprehensive, temporally and spatially homogenous data sets of the main meteorological variables. Based on daily data aggregated to a monthly scale at 10-km resolution, this study exploits and promotes the results of the CARPATCLIM project, documenting the variability of the main climatic variables over 1961-2010. For each month, the significant increasing or decreasing trends were identified, mapped and placed in the context of previous studies and climate change perspectives. The study has revealed several patterns in the climatic variability, i.e. positive or negative trends prevailing over the entire area, very distinct delineation between various trends induced by the Carpathian mountain chain, and pledges for further scientific approaches, i.e. causes of the variability and applications in other domains.

Cuvinte cheie: Carpathian Mountains; climate change; monthly trends; maximum temperature; wind speed; relative humidity; vapour pressure; snow depth

URL: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0921818114000708