Autori: Catalin Pavel
Editorial: Michel Mazoyer, Valérie Faranton (eds.), L'Harmattan, Paris (collection Kubaba, Série Antiquité Université de Paris I Panthéon Sorbonne), Homere et l'Anatolie, 2, p.9-70, 2014.
This article concerns the contribution Anatolian archaeology can make to Homeric studies. It consists of three parts. The first part presents the prerequisites for such a discussion, namely Troy’s identification with Hisarlik (I.1), the date and historicity of Homer (I.2), and the relationship between Homer and Aegean archaeology (1.3), and between Homer and Near Eastern archaeology (1.4). It concludes with a description of the Anatolian influences on Troy (I.5). The second part tackles the archaeology of Homer’s Troy by investigating Hittite archaeology and written sources (II.1), discoveries from Anatolian sites on the Aegean/Anatolian interface and farther East (II.2), the destruction layers in Troy itself (II.3), as well as a number of methodological problems (II.4). The third part of the article proposes some major questions that the archaeology of Homeric landscapes should be made to answer (III.1) and discusses types of future discoveries which might be key for a better understanding of Homer’s world (III.2).
Cuvinte cheie: ARCHAEOLOGY, ANTHROPOLOGY, ANCIENT HISTORY