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Sistemul Informatic Geografic al Resurselor de Sol ale României “SIGSTAR-200”: Metodologie de realizare şi principalele tipuri de aplicaţii. In Proc. of the XVII-th National Conference of Soil Science, Vol 34A, pp. 439-449. National Soil Science Society of Romania, 2004.

Autori: Vintila, R., Munteanu, I., Cojocaru, C., Radnea, C., Turnea, D., Curelariu, G., Nilca , I., Jalbă, M., Piciu, I., Râşnoveanu, I., Şileţchi, C., Trandafir, M., Untaru, G., Vespremeanu, R.,

Editorial: National Soil Science Society of Romania, Proc. XVII-th Nat. Conf. of Soil Science, 34A, p.439-449, 2004.


The Geographic Information System of Soil Resources „SIGSTAR-200” was developed based on the information contained in the fifty tiles constituting „The Soil Map of Romania at the scale 1:200,000”, tiles published from 1964 to 1994. During the development of SIGSTAR-200, the mapped information was updated in accordance with a unique legend published in 1994. SIGSTAR-200 is intended for the administrative levels (ministries and county departments) as well as for the scientific investigation (choice of pilot zones, selection of models and methods, validation for other spatial and descriptive data), being a powerful tool for sustainable use of soil resources. The paper firstly presents the methodology used to develop this geographic information system (GIS) and continues with the main types of applications designed until now, namely: -generation of new maps as concern soil degradation processes (water and wind erosion, groundwater and surface water logging, salinisation, alkalisation) -characterisation of soil landscapes based on special metrics -integration of data acquired by remote sensing within the GIS These types of applications are illustrated on an area defined by the Tarnava Mare drainage basin at west of the Copşa Mică town (centre of Romania). This area was chosen because the implementation of a strategy for sustainable use of natural resources, including soils, is of vital importance, in the context of the ecological vulnerability of this basin polluted with heavy metals.