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Dysfunctional high-density lipoproteins have distinct composition, diminished anti-inflammatory potential and discriminate acute coronary syndrome from stable coronary artery disease patients

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Autori: Cărnuță M.G., C..S Stancu, L. Toma, G.M. Sanda, L.S. Niculescu, M. Deleanu, A.C. Popescu, M.R Popescu., A. Vlad, D.R. Dimulescu, M. Simionescu, A.V. Sima

Editorial: Scientific Reports, 7, p.7295, 2017.

Rezumat:

There is a stringent need to find means for risk stratification of coronary artery diseases (CAD) patients. We aimed at identifying alterations of plasma high-density lipoproteins (HDL) components and their validation as dysfunctional HDL that could discriminate between acute coronary syndrome (ACS) and stable angina (SA) patients. HDL2 and HDL3 were isolated from CAD patients’ plasma and healthy subjects. ApolipoproteinAI (apoAI), apoAII, apoCIII, malondialdehyde (MDA), myeloperoxidase (MPO), ceruloplasmin and paraoxonase1 (PON1) were assessed. The anti-inflammatory potential of HDL subfractions was tested by evaluating the secreted inflammatory molecules of tumor necrosis factor α-Activated endothelial cells (EC) upon co-incubation with HDL2 or HDL3. We found in ACS versus SA patients: 40% increased MPO, MDA, apoCIII in HDL2 and HDL3, 35% augmented apoAII in HDL2, and in HDL3 increased ceruloplasmin, decreased apoAII (40%) and PON1 protein and activity (15% and 25%). Co-incubation of activated EC with HDL2 or HDL3 from CAD patients induced significantly increased levels of secreted inflammatory molecules, 15-20% more for ACS versus SA. In conclusion, the assessed panel of markers correlates with the reduced anti-inflammatory potential of HDL subfractions isolated from ACS and SA patients (mostly for HDL3 from ACS) and can discriminate between these two groups of CAD patients. © 2017 The Author(s).