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Prostate-specific antigen doubling time before onset of chemotherapy as a predictor of survival for hormone-refractory prostate cancer patients

Domenii publicaţii > Ştiinţe medicale + Tipuri publicaţii > Articol în revistã ştiinţificã

Autori: S Oudard, E Banu,F Scotte, A Banu, J Medioni, P Beuzeboc, F Joly, J-M Ferrero, F Goldwasser and J-M Andrieu

Editorial: Oxford Journals, Annals of Oncology, 18(11), p.1828-1833, 2007.


Background: We evaluated the possible use of prostate-specific antigen doubling time (PSA-DT) before chemotherapy initiation as a surrogate marker of survival in hormone-refractory prostate cancer (HRPC) patients.
Patients and methods: Data from 250 consecutive metastatic HRPC patients treated with chemotherapy between February 2000 and November 2006 were retrospectively analysed. At least three PSA assays were required within 3 months before chemotherapy. PSA-DT was calculated as ln 2 divided by the slope of the log PSA line, and the difference between two log PSA levels was divided by the time interval. The primary endpoint was overall survival (OS). Survival rates according to PSA-DT were stratified on chemotherapy regimen. Multivariate Cox regression analysis was performed to isolate the impact of PSA-DT on OS, controlling for associate prognostic covariates.
Results: Patients received docetaxel- (82%) or mitoxantrone-based chemotherapy. The median PSA-DT was 45 days (range 4.7–1108 days). There were 174 deaths (70%). The median survival was 16.5 months (95% confidence interval [CI] = 12.5–20.5) and 26.4 months (95% CI = 20.3–32.4) for patients with a PSA-DT < 45 and 45 days, respectively. In the multivariate setting, the adjusted hazard ratio (HR) was 1.39 (95% CI = 1.03–1.89; P = 0.04), stratified by chemotherapy regimen. Conclusion: A short PSA-DT before onset of chemotherapy in HRPC patients was associated with an increased risk of death. This could be useful as a stratification parameter in trials with new drugs in a metastatic setting.

Cuvinte cheie: chimioterapie, cancer de la prostata hormono-rezistent, supravietuire globala, factor predictiv, timp de dedublare antigen prostate-specific // chemotherapy, hormone-refractory prostate cancer, overall survival, predictive factor, prostate-specific antigen doubling time