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Tailoring the pressure drop of structured packings through CFD simulations

Domenii publicaţii > Stiinte ingineresti + Tipuri publicaţii > Articol în volumul unei conferinţe

Autori: C.F. Petre, F. Larachi, I. Iliuta, B.P.A. Grandjean

Editorial: Elsevier, Proceedings to the Second M.I.T. Conference on Computational Fluid and Solid Mechanics, June 17 - 20, Cambridge, MA, U.S.A, 2003.

Rezumat:

A computational fluid dynamic methodology is proposed to breakdown into elementary dissipation mechanisms the overall single-phase gas flow bed pressure drop in towers containing corrugated sheet structured packings. The goal behind was to allow piecewise geometry optimization of such packings in terms of capacity enlargement and efficiency enhancement. The dissipations sorted in order of decreasing importance were the collision losses by jet streams at criss-crossing junctions within corrugated channels, elbow loss by form drag at interlayer transition, elbow loss by jets striking wall and subsequent flow redirection to upper channels, and elbow loss in bed entrance. Replacement of sharp bends at the interlayer junctions by progressive direction change was beneficial for the reduction of the dissipations at the wall and the interlayer junction thus stretching capacity of the structured packing. However, this improvement was not spectacular because the most energy-intensive component (criss-crossing) remained unaffected by such modifications. CFD is foreseen to be a successful, rapid and economic tool to theoretically explore new geometries coping with this limitation.

Cuvinte cheie: pressure drop, structured packing, computational fluid dynamics