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Restoration of SMAD4 by gene therapy reverses the invasive phenotype in pancreatic adenocarcinoma cells.

Domenii publicaţii > Ştiinţe medicale + Tipuri publicaţii > Articol în revistã ştiinţificã

Autori: Duda DG, Sunamura M, Lefter LP, Furukawa T, Yokoyama T, Yatsuoka T, Abe T, Inoue H, Motoi F, Egawa S, Matsuno S, Horii A.

Editorial: Oncogene. 2003 Oct 9;22(44):6857-64., 2003.


SMAD4 is a critical cofactor in signal transduction pathways activated in response to transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta)-related ligands, regulating cell growth and differentiation. The roles played by SMAD4 inactivation in tumours highlighted it as a tumour-suppressor gene. However, restoration of the TGF-beta antiproliferative pathway following SMAD4 gene transfer in null-tumour cell lines is controversial. Herein, we report the inhibitory effects of SMAD4 on pancreatic tumour invasion and angiogenesis. Adenoviral transfer of this gene in a panel of SMAD4 homozygous-deleted human pancreatic tumour cell lines restored SMAD4 protein expression and function. Although it did not affect proliferation significantly in vitro, SMAD4 inhibited in vivo tumour growth in immunodeficient mice. In this xenograft setting, differential suppression of tumour growth in vivo was mediated, at least in part, through downregulation of vascular endothelial growth factor and expression of gelatinases. We documented the reduced invasion and angiogenesis histologically and by intravital microscopy, and gained mechanistic insight at the messenger and protein level. Finally, we found a negative reciprocal regulation between SMAD4 and ETS-1. ETS-1 is considered a marker for tumour invasion. Upon SMAD4 deletion, we detected high expression levels of ETS-1 in pancreatic tumour cells, suggesting the shift of the pancreatic tumour toward an invasive phenotype.

Cuvinte cheie: SMAD4; invasion; angiogenesis; TGF-; ETS-1