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The in vivo calcification capacity of a copolymer, based on methacryloyloxyethyl phosphate does not favour osteoconduction

Domenii publicaţii > Stiinte ingineresti + Tipuri publicaţii > Articol în revistã ştiinţificã

Autori: I.C. Stancu, R.Filmon, F.Grizon, C.Zaharia, C.Cincu, M.F.Basle, D.Chappard

Editorial: Wiley and Sons, Journal of Biomedical Materials Research, 69A, p.548-549, 2004.

Rezumat:

Polymers can be interesting alternatives to bone grafts; they must present suitable mechanical and osteoconductive properties. Biomimetic properties may be a key
factor for the recognition by bone cells. Methacryloyloxyethyl phosphate (MOEP) was found to enhance hydroxyapatite deposition. The copolymer containing MOEP and 1-vinyl-2-pyrrolidinone (50-50%) binds large amounts of calcium. Particles of the copolymer were used to fill large cranial bone defects in the rat. After a 12-week healing period, the animals were euthanized and the skulls examined by X-ray, histology, and electron microscopy (EM). The high phosphate content of the polymer conferred a marked calcium-binding capacity, and the particles were heavily calcified. They were embedded in a light fibrous stroma containing numerous capillaries and multinucleated giant cells. The osteoconductive properties were poor: only few trabeculae developed centripetally from the margins of the defects. There was no bone bonding and no osteoblast on the surface of the calcified material. Backscattered EM revealed
that the degree of calcification was homogeneous in all particles. Calcium-phosphorus calcospherites were never observed. The material appeared to trap calcium but to impair nucleation because only small hydroxyapatite tablets were occasionally observed. Polyphosphated materials do not represent a suitable source of potentially usable bone
substitutes.

Cuvinte cheie: abilitate de osteoconductie,copolimer,MOEP // osteoconductive capacity,copolymer,MOEP