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Autori: Adrian Stan, Nils Erik Dahlen and Robert van Leeuwen
Editorial: Europhys. Lett., 76, p.298, 2006.
We solve the Dyson equation for atoms and diatomic molecules within the GW approximation, in order to elucidate the effects of self-consistency on the total energies and ionization potentials. We find GW to produce accurate energy differences although the selfconsistent total energies differ significantly from the exact values. Total energies obtained from the Luttinger-Ward functional E_LW[G] with simple, approximate Green functions as input, are shown to be in excellent agreement with the self-consistent results. This demonstrates that the Luttinger-Ward functional is a reliable method for testing the merits of different self-energy approximations without the need to solve the Dyson equation self-consistently. Self-consistent GW ionization potentials are calculated from the Extended Koopmans Theorem, and shown to be in good agreement with the experimental results. We also find the self-consistent ionization potentials to be often better than the non-self-consistent G0W0 values. We conclude that GW calculations should be done self-consistently in order to obtain physically meaningful and unambiguous energy differences.
Cuvinte cheie: GW, fully self-consistent GW, atoms, total energies, ionization potentials, Luttinger-Ward functional