Scopul nostru este sprijinirea şi promovarea cercetării ştiinţifice şi facilitarea comunicării între cercetătorii români din întreaga lume.
Autori: Lucian-Gabriel Zamfir, Lucian Rotariu, Camelia Bala
Editorial: Biosensors and Bioelectronics (5-Year Impact Factor: 5. 480), 26, p.3692, 2011.
A novel, low potential and highly sensitive acetylcholinesterase (AChE) biosensor was developed based on 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium tetrafluoroborate / multiwalled carbon nanotube composite gel thiocholine sensor. Composite gel promoted electron transfer reaction at a lower potential (+50mV) and catalyzed electrochemical oxidation of thiocholine with high sensitivity. AChE was immobilized in sol-gel matrix that provides a good support for enzyme without any inhibition effect from the ionic liquid. The amount of immobilized enzyme and incubation time with chlorpyrifos were optimized. Chlorpyrifos could be determined in the range of 10-8-10-6 M with a detection limit of 4 nM. Fast and efficient enzyme reactivation was obtained at low obidoxime concentration (0.1 mM). Moreover, the biosensor exhibited a good stability and reproducibility and could be use for multiple determinations of pesticide with no loss of the enzyme activity.
Cuvinte cheie: Acetylcholinesterase, Biosensor, Carbon nanotube, Ionic liquid, Pesticide, Reactivation