Autori: Enea, Violeta; Dafinoiu, Ion
Editorial: Recent Researches in Educational Technologies, p.30-35, 2011.
Experimental groups (with low and high hypnotisability) were selected with the help of the Stanford Hypnotic Susceptibility Scale: Form C  from a sample of volunteer students initially selected from the results obtained in the Harvard Group Scale of Hypnotic Susceptibility: Form A . The participants in each hypnotisability group were randomly distributed, after evaluating the effort at baseline and in hypnosis, in the “More Aware” condition (in which they were suggested that the hidden observer is more aware of the effort invested in making the suggestions than the hypnotised part), and in the “No Information/ Control” condition. All the participants were administered the following two suggestions: an ideomotor suggestion (bringing the hands together) and a challenge suggestion (arm stiffness). Orne’s “real-simulator” paradigm was used. Hidden observer was manifested in 66% of the subjects who actually lived the trance when suggested to bring the hands together and in 61% at the suggestion of arm stiffness. The participants who simulated the trance manifested hidden observer to an extent of 66% for both suggestions. It was found that some of the “real” participants who manifested hidden observer response at the hands approaching suggestion did not show the hidden observer response also to the arm stiffness suggestion and vice versa. In the post-experimental interview, the „simulator” participants were demanded the real values of effort intensity and hypnosis level.
Cuvinte cheie: hypnosis, hidden observer, suggestion, real-simulator paradigm