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The oral health of Romanian young adults with multiple disabilities, in Bucharest, Sector 2

Domenii publicaţii > Ştiinţe medicale + Tipuri publicaţii > Articol în revistã ştiinţificã

Autori: Ruxandra Moraru, Pantea Ghannad, Mihaela Ghinoiu, Claudia Bratan, Jörgen G Norén

Editorial: Journal of Disability and Oral Health, 8, (3), 2007.

Rezumat:

Aim: To carry out a field study of the oral health status, and evaluate the treatment needs of subjects with multiple disabilities in a long term residential care setting “Recuperation and rehabilitee centre for persons with handicap” (CRRPH) in Bucharest, Romania. Design: All residents were included in the study. Clinical examinations were based on the World Health Organisation criteria for field studies and carried out in the dental clinic of the residential centre, in dormitories or outdoors. Oral hygiene, mineralisation disturbances, dental and periodontal status were evaluated. Results: 155 patients (85 males and 70 females) in CRRPH were examined. The average age of the residents was 21.5 years. The patient compliance was evaluated as good (99%) despite dental fear in many cases. Twenty five% of the residents had a full dentition, three were edentulous or only had roots remaining and seven still had their primary teeth. The results showed a mean DMFT of 6.4. The number of untreated decayed teeth (3.1) occupied the greatest proportion of the index. The residents had a high prevalence of plaque (90%), calculus (80%) and periodontal disease; only 3% had a healthy periodontium while 97% had gingivitis, 53% supragingival calculus, 36% subgingingival calculus and 11% subgingival and occlusal calculus. Mineralisation disturbances were found in seven residents, four with hypomineralised enamel and three with amelogenisis imperfecta.
Conclusions: The findings show an extensive need for dental treatment and structured preventive care among the young adults in the CRRPH.

Cuvinte cheie: Oral Health, Disability, institution