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Liviu Giosan


Geoscientist at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution (Associated Scientist w/ Tenure). Educated in Geology in Romania (Diploma, Bucharest University) and Oceanography in the US (MSc and PhD, State University of New York at Stony Brook). Leader and participant in expeditions on the Atlantic, Pacific and Indian oceans and expeditions in the Americas, Asia and Europe. Studies published in leading scientific journals such as Nature, Geology, Nature Geoscience, Proceedings of the U.S. National Academy of Sciences, Geophysical Research Letters. His contributions reported in National Geographic, Discovery, New York Times and other mass media venues include: discovery of a new type of delta, the first accurate determination of the age of the Danube Delta, demonstrating the catastrophic effects of deforestation on the evolution of the Danube delta and the Black Sea and analyses of the climatic causes of the development and decline of the ancient civilizations of India. Giosan was a Honorary Research Fellow at the University of Aberdeen, a CICOR Postdoctoral Scholar at WHOI and a NAFSA Baltic and East European Program awardee at SUNY Stony Brook. He is an Editorial Board member for the journal Anthropocene.He initiated and co-founded the Ad Astra Association of Romanian researchers in 2000 and published analyses and OpEd texts in leading Romanian media such as "Romania Curata", "Romania Libera" and "Dilema."

Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA, .

E-mail: trimite un mesaj.

Pagina web a instituţiei:
Pagina web personala:

Urmareste linkul ResearcherID pentru toate articolele cercetatorului: F-1809-2010. Tabelul detaliat al articolelor este in josul paginii.

Nascut(a) in: 1968

flag Detalii:
Liviu Giosan este cercetator in oceanografie la Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. Dupa licenta in geologie la Bucuresti, si-a luat doctoratul la State University of New York.

A condus si participat la expeditii in Pacific, Atlantic si Oceanul Indian si pe patru continente.

Studiile sale au fost publicate in jurnale stiintifice de prim rang precum: Nature, Geology, Nature Geoscience, Proceedings of the US National Academy of Sciences, Geophysical Research Letters.

Contributiile sale, semnalate in printre altele in National Geographic, Discovery, New York Times includ: descoperirea unui nou tip de delta, prima determinare de precizie a varstei deltei Dunarii, demonstrarea unui deficit fundemantal de sedimente pentru delte in contextul cresterii nivelului marii in viitorul apropiat, demonstrarea efectelor catastrofice a deforestarilor asupra evolutiei deltei si Marii Negre si analiza cauzelor climatice ale dezvoltarii si decaderii civilizatiilor Indiei vechi.

Giosan a fost Honorary Research Fellow la Universitatea din Aberdeen, CICOR Postdoctoral Scholar la WHOI and castigator al premiului NAFSA Baltic and East European Program la SUNY Stony Brook. Este membru in comintetul editorial al jurnalelor stiintifice Anthropocene si Frontiers in Earth Science. Giosan este membru al Comitetului Consultatiiv American pentru Programul International de Foraj Stiintific Marin si membru in Panelul pentru Reconstructia Deltei Mississippi.

In 2000, a initiat si co-fondat Asociatia Ad Astra a cercetatorilor romani. A publicat analize si texte de opinie pe “Romania Curata”, in "Adevarul", “Romania libera” si “Dilema”.

Publicații selectate:

* Nienhuis, Jaap H; Andrew D Ashton, Liviu Giosan, Littoral steering of deltaic channels, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 453, 2016.

* Freymond, Chantal V; Francien Peterse, Lorena V Fischer, Florin Filip, Liviu Giosan, Timothy I Eglinton, Branched GDGT signals in fluvial sediments of the Danube River basin: Method comparison and longitudinal evolution, Organic Geochemistry, 103, 2017.

* Vonk, Jorien E; Angela F Dickens, Liviu Giosan, Zainab A Hussain, Bokyung Kim, Samuel C Zipper, Robert M Holmes, Daniel B Montlucon, Valier Galy, Timothy I Eglinton, Arctic deltaic lake sediments as recorders of fluvial organic matter deposition, Frontiers in Earth Science, 4, 2016.

* Clift, Peter D; Liviu Giosan, Amy E East, Comment on “Geochemistry of buried river sediments from Ghaggar Plains, NW India: Multi-proxy records of variations in provenance, paleoclimate, and paleovegetation patterns in the late quaternary” by Ajit Singh, Debajyoti Paul, Rajiv Sinha, Kristina J. Thomsen, Sanjeev Gupta, Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 455, 2016.

* Day, John W; Julius Agboola, Zhongyuan Chen, Christopher D’Elia, Donald L Forbes, Liviu Giosan, Paul Kemp, Claudia Kuenzer, Robert R Lane, Ramesh Ramachandran, James Syvitski, Alejandro Yañez-Arancibia, Approaches to defining deltaic sustainability in the 21st century, Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 183.

* Cearreta, Alejandro; Xavier Benito, Carles Ibáñez, Rosa Trobajo, Liviu Giosan, Holocene palaeoenvironmental evolution of the Ebro Delta (Western Mediterranean Sea): Evidence for an early construction based on the benthic foraminiferal record, The Holocene, 26, 2016.

* Filipova-Marinova, Mariana; Danail Pavlov, Liviu Giosan, Multi-proxy records of Holocene palaeoenvironmental changes in the Varna Lake area, western Black Sea coast, Quaternary International, 401.

* Nienhuis, Jaap H; Andrew D Ashton, William Nardin, Sergio Fagherazzi, Liviu Giosan, Alongshore sediment bypassing as a control on river mouth morphodynamics, Journal of Geophysical Research: Earth Surface, 121, 2016.

* Bolton, Clara T; María T Hernández-Sánchez, Miguel-Ángel Fuertes, Saúl González-Lemos, Lorena Abrevaya, Ana Mendez-Vicente, José-Abel Flores, Ian Probert, Liviu Giosan, Joel Johnson, Heather M Stoll, Decrease in coccolithophore calcification and CO2 since the middle Miocene, Nature Communications, 7, 2016.

* Vonk, Jorien E; Liviu Giosan, Jerzy Blusztajn, Daniel Montlucon, Elisabeth Graf Pannatier, Cameron McIntyre, Lukas Wacker, Robie W Macdonald, Mark B Yunker, Timothy I Eglinton, Spatial variations in geochemical characteristics of the modern Mackenzie Delta sedimentary system, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 171, 2015.

* Zorzi, Coralie; Maria Fernanda Sanchez Goni, Krishnamurthy Anupama, Srinivasan Prasad, Vincent Hanquiez, Joel Johnson, Liviu Giosan, Indian monsoon variations during three contrasting climatic periods: The Holocene, Heinrich Stadial 2 and the last interglacial–glacial transition, Quaternary Science Reviews, 125, 2015.

* GP Kemp, JW Day, JD Rogers, L Giosan, N Peyronnin, Enhancing mud supply from the Lower Missouri River to the Mississippi River Delta USA: Dam bypassing and coastal restoration, Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 183, 2016.

* Constantinescu, S., Diana Achim, Ioan Rus, Liviu Giosan, Embanking the Lower Danube: From Natural to Engineered Floodplains and Back, Springer, Paul F. Hudson, Hans Middelkoop, Geomorphic Approaches to Integrated Floodplain Management of Lowland Fluvial Systems in North America and Europe, 2015.

* Nienhuis, J.H., Andrew D. Ashton and Liviu Giosan, What makes a delta wave-dominated?, Geology, 43, 2015.

* Giosan, L, J Syvitski, S Constantinescu, J Day, Climate change: protect the world's deltas, Nature, 516/7529, 2014.

* Ferrier, K.L., Jerry X. Mitrovica, Liviu Giosan, Peter D. Clift, Sea-level responses to erosion and deposition of sediment in the Indus River basin and the Arabian Sea, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 416, 2015.

* Ali, S., Ed C Hathorne, Martin Frank, Daniel Gebregiorgis, Karl Stattegger, Roland Stumpf, Steffen Kutterolf, Joel E Johnson, Liviu Giosan, South Asian monsoon history over the past 60 kyr recorded by radiogenic isotopes and clay mineral assemblages in the Andaman Sea, Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, online ahead of print, 2015.

* Teichert, B.M.A., J.E. Johnson, E.A. Solomon, L. Giosan, K. Rose, M. Kocherla, E.C. Connolly, M.E. Torres, Composition and origin of authigenic carbonates in the Krishna-Godavari and Mahanadi Basins, eastern continental margin of India, Marine and Petroleum Geology, in press, 2014.

* Johnson, J.E., Stephen C. Phillips, Marta E. Torres, Elena Piñero, Kelly K. Rose, Liviu Giosan, Influence of total organic carbon deposition on the inventory of gas hydrate in the Indian continental margins, Marine and Petroleum Geology, in press, 2014.

* Cawthern, T., J.E. Johnson, L. Giosan, J.A. Flores, K. Rose, E. Solomon, A late Miocene-early Pliocene biogenic silica crash in the Andaman Sea and Bay of Bengal, Marine and Petroleum Geology, in press, 2014.

* Filip, F, L Giosan, Evolution of Chilia lobes of the Danube delta: Reorganization of deltaic processes under cultural pressures, Anthropocene, in press, 2014.

* Peterse, F, JE Vonk, RM Holmes, L Giosan, N Zimov, TI Eglinton, Branched glycerol dialkyl glycerol tetraethers in Arctic lake sediments: Sources and implications for paleothermometry at high latitudes, Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences, in press, 2014.

* Filipova-Marinova, M, D Pavlov, S Vergiev, V Slavchev, L Giosan, Varna Lake (north-eastern Bulgaria): vegetation history and human impact during the last 8000 years, Grana, in press, 2014.

* Phillips, SC, JE Johnson, MB Underwood, J Guo, L Giosan, K Rose, Long-timescale variation in bulk and clay mineral composition of Indian continental margin sediments in the Bay of Bengal, Arabian Sea, and Andaman Sea, Marine and Petroleum Geology, in press, 2014.

* Flores, J.A., J.E. Johnson, A.E. Mejía-Molina, M.C. Álvarez, F.J. Sierro, S.D. Singh, Syamal Mahanti, L. Giosan, Sedimentation rates from calcareous nannofossil and planktonic foraminifera biostratigraphy in the Andaman Sea, northern Bay of Bengal, and eastern Arabian Sea, Marine and Petroleum Geology, in press, 2014.

* Rose, KK, JE Johnson, ME Torres , W Hong , L Giosan , EA Solomon , M Kastner , T Cawthern , PE Long , H Todd Schaef, Anomalous porosity preservation and preferential accumulation of gas hydrate in the Andaman Accretionary Wedge, NGHP-01 Site 17A, Marine and Petroleum Geology, in press, 2014.

* Nace TE, Baker PA, Dwyer GS, Silva CG, Rigsby CA, Burns SJ, Giosan L, Otto-Bliesner B, Liu Z, Zhu J., The role of North Brazil Current transport in the paleoclimate of the Brazilian Nordeste margin and paleoceanography of the western tropical Atlantic during the late Quaternary, Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, in press, 2014.

* Clift, PD and Giosan, L, Sediment fluxes and buffering in the post-glacial Indus Basin, Basin Research, 26, 2014.

* Filipova-Marinova, M., Danail Pavlov, Marco Coolen, Liviu Giosan, Stoyan Vergiev, Vegetation development in the central part of the Bulgarian Black Sea coast during the last 13 000 years, Grana, 2014.

* Bentley, S.J., Freeman, A.M., Willson, C.S., Cable, J.E., Giosan., L, Using what we have: Optimizing sediment management in Mississippi River delta restoration to improve the economic viability of the nation, Springer, John W. Day, G. Paul Kemp, Angelina M. Freeman, David P. Muth, Perspectives on the Restoration of the Mississippi Delta, 2014.

* Liviu Giosan, Angelina M. Freeman , How Deltas Work: A Brief Look at the Mississippi River Delta in a Global Context, Springer, John W. Day, G. Paul Kemp, Angelina M. Freeman, David P. Muth, Perspectives on the Restoration of the Mississippi Delta, 2014.

* Phillips, S.C., Joel E. Johnson, Liviu Giosan, Kelly Rose, Monsoon-influenced variation in productivity and lithogenic sediment flux since 110 ka in the offshore Mahanadi Basin, northern Bay of Bengal, Marine and Petroleum Geology, 2014.

* Syvitski, J.P.M., Albert J. Kettner, Irina Overeem, Liviu Giosan, G. Robert Brakenridge, Mark Hannon, Roger Bilham, Anthropocene Metamorphosis of the Indus Delta and Lower Floodplain, online ahead of print, Anthropocene, 2014.

* Clift, PD, Giosan, L, Henstock, TJ and Tabrez, AR, Sediment storage and reworking on the shelf and in the Canyon of the Indus River-Fan System since the last glacial maximum, Basin Research, 26, 2014.

* Xing F., A. J. Kettner, A. Ashton, L. Giosan, C. Ibáñez, J. O. Kaplan., Fluvial response to climate variations and anthropogenic perturbations for the Ebro River, Spain in the last 4000 years., Science of the Total Environment, 73/474, 2014.

* Nienhuis, J. H., A. D. Ashton, P. C. Roos, S.J.M.H. Hulscher, L. Giosan, Wave reworking of abandoned deltas, Geophysical Research Letters, 40, 2013.

* Giosan, L., Constantinescu, S., Filip, F., Bing, D, INVITED: Maintenance of large deltas through channelization: Nature vs. humans in the Danube delta, Anthropocene, 2013.

* Marco J. L. Coolen, William D. Orsi, Cherel Balkema, Christopher Quince, Keith Harris, Sean P. Sylva, Mariana Filipova-Marinova, and Liviu Giosan, Evolution of the plankton paleome in the Black Sea from the Deglacial to Anthropocene, Proceedings of the US National Academy of Sciences, 110, 21, 2013.

* REPORT: Overeem, I., Syvitski, J.P.M., Brakenridge, R.G., Day, J.W., Giosan, L., Hannon, M.T., Hill, P.R., Hood, W.G., Kelman, I., Kettner, A.J., Kremer, H.H., Nichols, R., Paola, C., Restrepo, J.D., Saito, Y., Sherbinin, A., Simenstad, C., Vorosmarty, C., Dynamics and Vulnerability of Delta Systems, Overeem, I., Syvitski, J.P.M., LOICZ Report, 35, 2009.

* BOOK: Giosan, L., Bhattacharya, J. (Eds.), River Deltas: Concepts, Models, Case Studies, SEPM Special Publication, 83, 2005.

* Ashton, A., Hutton, E., Kettner, A.J., Xing, F., Kallumadikal, J., Nienhuis, J., Giosan, L., Progress in coupling models of coastline and fluvial dynamics, Computers & Geosciences, 53, 2013.

* BOOK: Giosan, L., D. Q. Fuller, K. Nicoll, R. K. Flad, and P. D. Clift (Eds.), Climates, Landscapes, and Civilizations, Geophysical Monograph Series, American Geophysical Union, Washington, D. C., Geophysical Monograph Series, 198, 2012.

* David R. Limmer, Timothy J. Henstock, Liviu Giosan, Camilo Ponton, Ali R. Tabrez, David I. M. Macdonald, Peter D. Clift, Impacts of sediment supply and local tectonics on clinoform distribution: the seismic stratigraphy of the mid Pleistocene-Holocene Indus Shelf, Marine Geophysical Research, 33(3), 2012.

* Liviu Giosan, Marco J. L. Coolen, Jed O. Kaplan, Stefan Constantinescu, Florin Filip, Mariana Filipova-Marinova, Albert J. Kettner & Nick Thom, Early Anthropogenic Transformation of the Danube-Black Sea System, Scientific Reports, 2, 2012.

* Giosan, L; Clift, PD; Macklin, MG; Fuller, DQ; Constantinescu, S; Durcan, JA; Stevens, T; Duller, GAT; Tabrez, AR; Gangal, K; Adhikari, R; Alizai, A; Filip, F; VanLaningham, S; Syvitski, JPM, Fluvial landscapes of the Harappan civilization, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 109, 2012.

* Anwar Alizai, Stephen Hillier, Peter D. Clift, Liviu Giosan, Andrew Hurst, Sam VanLaningham, Mark Macklin, Clay mineral variations in Holocene terrestrial sediments from the Indus Basin, Quaternary Research, 77, 2012.

* Clift, P. D., A. Carter, L. Giosan, J. Durcan, A. R. Tabrez, A. Alizai, S. VanLaningham, G. A. T. Duller, M. G. Macklin, D. Q. Fuller, and M. Danish, U-Pb zircon dating evidence for a Pleistocene Sarasvati River and capture of the Yamuna River , Geology, 40/3, 2012.

* Ponton, C., L. Giosan, T. I. Eglinton, D. Fuller, J. E. Johnson, P. Kumar, and T. S. Collet, Holocene Aridification of India, Geophysical Research Letters, 39, 2012.

* McCarney-Castle, K., G. Voulgaris, A.J. Kettner, and L. Giosan, Simulating fluvial fluxes in the Danube watershed: The 'Little Ice Age' versus modern day , The Holocene, 22, 2012.

* Alizai, A., Clift, P.D., Giosan, L., VanLaningham, S., Hinton, R., Tabrez, A.R., Danish, M., Pb isotopic variability in the modern-Pleistocene Indus River system measured by ion microprobe in detrital K-feldspar grains, Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 75, 2011.

* Limmer, D. R., P. Böning, L. Giosan, C. Ponton, C. Köhler, M. J. Cooper, A. R. Tabrez, and P. Clift , Geochemical Record of Holocene to Recent Sedimentation on the Western Indus continental shelf, Arabian Sea, Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 13, 2012.

* Andrew D. Ashton and Liviu Giosan, Wave-angle control of delta evolution, Geophysical Research Letters, 38, 2011.

* James P. M. Syvitski, Albert J. Kettner, Irina Overeem, Eric W. H. Hutton, Mark T. Hannon, G. Robert Brakenridge, John Day, Charles Vörösmarty, Yoshiki Saito, Liviu Giosan & Robert J. Nicholls, Sinking deltas due to human activities, Nature Geoscience, 2(10), 2009.

* Coolen, M.J.L., J.P. Saenz, L. Giosan, N.Y. Trowbridge, P. Dimitrov, D. Dimitrov, T.I. Eglinton, DNA and lipid molecular stratigraphic records of haptophyte succession in the Black Sea during the Holocene, Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 284, 2009.

* Charles J. Vörösmarty, James Syvitski, John Day, Alex de Sherbinin, Liviu Giosan & Chris Paola, Battling to save the world’s river deltas, Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, 65, 2009.

* N.J. Drenzek, K.A. Hughen, D.B. Montluçon, J.R. Southon, G.M. dos Santos, E.R.M. Druffel, L. Giosan, and T.I. Eglinton, A new look at old carbon in active margin sediments, Geology, 37, 2009.

* Giosan, L., Filip. F. and Constantinescu, S, Was the Black Sea catastrophically flooded in the early Holocene?, Quaternary Science Reviews, 26, 2009.

* J.P. Donnelly and L. Giosan, Research Focus: Tempestuous highs and lows in the Gulf of Mexico, Geology, 36, 2008.

* J.W. Day and L. Giosan, Survive or subside?, Nature Geoscience, 1, 2008.

* J. Maddox, J.B. Anderson, K.T. Milliken, A.B. Rodriguez, T.M. Dellapenna, and L. Giosan, The Holocene evolution of the Galveston estuary complex, Texas: Evidence for rapid change in estuarine environments, The Geological Society of America, Anderson J.B., and Rodriguez, A.B., GSA Special Publication, 443, 2008.

* C.M.G. McHugh, D. Gurung, L. Giosan, W.B.F. Ryan, Y. Mart, U. Sancar, L. Burckle and M.N. Çagatay, The last reconnection of the Marmara Sea (Turkey) to the World Ocean: A paleoceanographic and paleoclimatic perspective, Marine Geology, in press, 2008.

* Giosan, L., BOOK REVIEW: V. Yanko-Hombach, A.S. Gilbert, N. Panin and P.M. Dolukhanov, Editors, The Black Sea Flood Question: Changes in Coastline, Climate and Human Settlement, Springer, Berlin (2007) ISBN 978-1-4020-4774-9 971pp., 246 illus., Quaternary Science Reviews, 26, 2007.

* Clift, P D., Giosan, L., Blusztajn, J., Campbell, I.H., Allen., C., Pringle, M., Tabrez, A.R., Danish, M., Rabbani, M.M., Alizai, A., Carter., A., Luckge, A., Holocene Erosion of the Lesser Himalaya Triggered by Intensified Summer Monsoon, Geology, 36(1), 2008.

* Inam, A., Clift, P., Giosan, L., Tabrez, A., Tahir, M., Rabbani, M., The Indus, John Wiley & Sons, Avijit Gupta, LARGE RIVERS: GEOMORPHOLOGY AND MANAGEMENT, 2007.

* Giosan, L., J.P. Donnelly, S. Constantinescu, F. Filip, I. Ovejanu, A. Vespremeanu-Stroe, E. Vespremeanu and G.A.T. Duller, Young Danube delta documents stable Black Sea level since the middle Holocene: Morphodynamic, paleogeographic, and archaeological implications, Geology, 34/9, 2006.

* Giosan, L., Constantinescu, S., Clift, P.D., Tabrez, A.R., Danish, M., Inam, A, Recent morphodynamics of the Indus delta shore and shelf, Continental Shelf Research, 26/14, 2006.

* Giosan, L., Donnelly, J., Vespremeanu, E., Bhattacharya, J., Olariu, C., Buonaiuto, F, River delta morphodynamics: Examples from the Danube delta, Giosan and Bhattacharya (Eds.), River Deltas: Concepts, Models, Examples, 2005.

* Giosan, L. and Bhattacharya, J., New Directions in River Delta Studies, SEPM, Giosan and Bhattacharya (Eds.), River Deltas: Concepts, Models, Examples, 2005.

* Giosan, L. and Flood, R.D., Drilling to Investigate Extreme Environmental Changes, EOS, Transactions, American Geophysical Union, 85, 18, 2004.

* M. Siddall, L. Pratt, K. Helfrich, L. Giosan, Testing the physical oceanographic implications of the suggested sudden Black Sea in-fill 8400 years ago, American Geophysical Union, Paleoceanography, 19/1, 2004.

* Janok P. Bhattacharya and Liviu Giosan, Wave-Influenced Deltas: Geomorphological Implications for Facies Reconstruction, Blackwell, Sedimentology, 50,1, 2003.

* Roger D. Flood and Liviu Giosan, Migration history of a fine-grained abyssal sediment wave on the Bahama Outer Ridge, Elsevier, Russell B. Wynn and Dorrik A. V. Stow, Marine Geology, 192, 2002.

* J. Grützner, L. Giosan, S. O. Franz, R. Tiedemann, E. Cortijo, W. P. Chaisson, R. D. Flood, S. Hagen, L. D. Keigwin, S. Poli et al., Astronomical age models for Pleistocene drift sediments from the western North Atlantic (ODP Sites 1055-1063), Elsevier, Domenico Rio and Eve Arnold, Marine Geology, 189, 1-2, 2002.

* Giosan, L., Bokuniewicz, H., Panin, N., and Postolache, I, Longshore Sediment Transport Pattern Along the Romanian Danube Delta Coast, Allen Press, Journal of Coastal Research, 15, (4), 1999.

* Giosan, L., Flood, R.D., Grützner, J., Franz, S.-O., Poli, M.-S., and Hagen, S, High-Resolution Carbonate Content Estimated from Diffuse Spectral Reflectance for Leg 172 Sites, Keigwin, L.D., Rio, D., Acton, G.D., and Arnold, E., ODP Leg 172 Scientific Results, 172, 2001.

* Giosan, L., Flood, R.D., Grützner, J., Mudie, P, Paleoceanographic significance of sediment color on western North Atlantic drifts: II. Plio-Pleistocene sedimentation, Elsevier, D.Rio and E. Arnold, Marine Geology, 189, 1-2, 2002.

* Giosan, L., Long term sediment dynamics on Danube delta coast, A.A. Balkema, J. Dronkers and M.B.A.M. Scheffers, Physics of Estuaries and Coastal Seas, 1998.

* Giosan, L., Flood, R.D., and Aller, R.C, Paleoceanographic significance of sediment color on western North Atlantic drifts: I. Origin of color, Elsevier, D. Rio and E. Arnold, Marine Geology, 189, 1-2, 2002.