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SUMO-modified PCNA recruits Srs2 to prevent recombination during S phase.

Domenii publicaţii > Biologie + Tipuri publicaţii > Articol în revistã ştiinţificã

Autori: Pfander B, Moldovan GL, Sacher M, Hoege C, Jentsch S.

Editorial: Nature, 436 (7049), p.428-433, 2005.

Rezumat:

Damaged DNA, if not repaired before replication, can lead to replication fork stalling and genomic instability; however, cells can switch to different damage bypass modes that permit replication across lesions. Two main bypasses are controlled by ubiquitin modification of proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), a homotrimeric DNA-encircling protein that functions as a polymerase processivity factor and regulator of replication-linked functions. Upon DNA damage, PCNA is modified at the conserved lysine residue 164 by either mono-ubiquitin or a lysine-63-linked multi-ubiquitin chain, which induce error-prone or error-free replication bypasses of the lesions. In S phase, even in the absence of exogenous DNA damage, yeast PCNA can be alternatively modified by the small ubiquitin-related modifier protein SUMO; however the consequences of this remain controversial. Here we show by genetic analysis that SUMO-modified PCNA functionally cooperates with Srs2, a helicase that blocks recombinational repair by disrupting Rad51 nucleoprotein filaments. Moreover, Srs2 displays a preference for interacting directly with the SUMO-modified form of PCNA, owing to a specific binding site in its carboxy-terminal tail. Our finding suggests a model in which SUMO-modified PCNA recruits Srs2 in S phase in order to prevent unwanted recombination events of replicating chromosomes.

Cuvinte cheie: PCNA, Srs2, DNA replication, homologous recombination

URL: http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/v436/n7049/abs/nature03665.html;jsessionid=859CCFBCEB8791B6D00E96D9D7885C43