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The Qatal//Yiqtol (Yiqtol//Qatal) Verbal Sequence in Couplets in Ugaritic Poetry: A Systemic Functional Grammar Investigation

Domenii publicaţii > Stiinte umaniste + Tipuri publicaţii > Capitol de carte

Autori: Silviu Tatu

Editorial: Wilfred G.E. Watson, Münster: Ugarit-Verlag, “He Unforrowed his Brow and Laughed”: Essays in Honour of Professor Nicholas Wyatt, AOAT, 299, p.267-302, 2007.

Rezumat:

The article surveys the samples found in Ugaritic literature. It becomes clear that Ugaritic couplets with qatal//yiqtol (yiqtol//qatal) verbal sequence display a strong tendency towards applying parallelism even at the inner level of the order of constituents, producing very regular expected structures.
The Systemic Functional grammar analysis reveals a secondary line that follows in most cases the directions proposed by the primary line in terms of the order of constituents, markedness, mood, transitivity, ergativity and even clause type. This uniformity betrays the fact that grammatical parallelism was indeed the driving force behind the composition of Ugaritic literature.
In terms of qatal//yiqtol (yiqtol//qatal) verbal sequence, we could notice that yiqtol verbal forms promote stability and familiarity, whereas qatal verbal forms are closely related to marked Themes, Subject change, Process variation and irregular clause complex structure. The most familiar verbal content of an Ugaritic couplet is the one with a double-duty finite verb, mainly a yiqtol, as the predicate of the primary line/clause, whose effect is felt over to the clause in the secondary line. Pivot structures, frequently employed both in UPy and HPy serve very well the purpose of a double-duty verb.

Cuvinte cheie: Ugaritic poetry, Verbal sequence

URL: http://www.ugarit-verlag.de/aoat-299.htm