Scopul nostru este sprijinirea şi promovarea cercetării ştiinţifice şi facilitarea comunicării între cercetătorii români din întreaga lume.
Autori: Crosby ME, Jacobberger J, Gupta D, Macklis RM, Almasan A.
Editorial: Oncogene, 26, p.1897-909, 2007.
The retinoblastoma (pRB) family proteins regulate the E2F transcription factors; their complexes regulate critical transitions through the cell cycle. The function of these pRB family/E2F complexes, which includes p130/E2F4, in response to genotoxic agents, is not well understood. We investigated the role of E2F4 in the genotoxic stress response. Following radiation treatment, E2F4 colocalized with p130 in the nucleus during a radiation-induced stable G(2)-phase arrest. Arrested cells had significantly decreased expression of Cyclins A2 and B1 and decreased phosphorylation of mitotic protein monoclonal-2 (MPM-2) mitotic proteins. Small interference RNA (siRNA)-mediated knockdown of E2F4 sensitized cells to subsequent irradiation, resulting in enhanced cellular DNA damage and cell death, as determined by caspase activation and decreased clonogenic cell survival. Downstream E2F4 targets potentially involved in the progression from G(2) into M phase were identified by oligonucleotide microarray expression profiling. Chromatin immunoprecipitation localized E2F4 at promoter regions of the Bub3 and Pttg1 mitotic genes following irradiation, which were among the downregulated genes identified by the microarray. These data suggest that in response to radiation, E2F4 becomes active in the nucleus, enforces a stable G(2) arrest by target gene repression, and thus provides increased cell survival ability by minimizing propagation of cells that have irreparable DNA damage.
Cuvinte cheie: E2F, Rb, G2, cell cycle