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Social responsibility and solidarity in the medicine of postcommunist Romania.Role of family doctor in protection of vulnerable population

Domenii publicaţii > Stiinte umaniste + Tipuri publicaţii > Articol în volumul unei conferinţe

Autori: Orsolya Horber, Karoly Zilahi

Editorial: 10th World Congress of Bioethics, Singapore, Abstract No 366, 2010.

Rezumat:

After the second World War, Romania became part of the communist block. As a part of ideology the Communist Party initiated an universal free medical care, accessible to all. Establishment a lot of dispensary means available alternative for a poor population that has never received adequate medical care. But later, in dictatorship, deficiency of adequate medical conditions, increased isolation of doctors, transformes their peronality: he became tired, extenuated, frustrated in the eighties. We can not talk about medical ethics, when the rights of the physician and of the patient are limited and injured. The social sensitivity is more an imposed social obligation. The involvement of the communist state and political power exercised influence over the doctor-patient relationship. The sociopolitical environment was not supportive for physicians, trying more then once to transform them in ‘tools’ in order to serve the political power. After 1989 it was initiated the health insurance based on solidarity, it appears the law of patient rights, doctor-patient relationship becomes more ethical. Social sensitivity of the physician is not only a duty, more an inner necessity based on humanist education.The poster presents the way of transformation doctors personality in Romania. From an official he becomes a free intellectual with ethical spirit and actions. Twenty years after the fall of Iron Curtain an ethical attitude becomes more a personal choice, the social responsibility and solidarity with the poor and vulnerable population is a moral duty based on the european values

Cuvinte cheie: ocial responsibility, medical ethics, post-communism