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Autori: F.L. Toma, G. Bertrand, D. Klein, L. Berger, S. Thiele
Editorial: DVS-Verlag, ITSC 2004 Thermal Spray Solutions: Advances in Technology and Application,, 2004.
Titanium dioxide (TiO2) has emerged as an excellent photocatalyst material for environmental purification about
two decades ago but only recently few works have focused on the photocatalytic properties of sprayed titanium
oxide coatings. So far, the role of oxygen deficiency which can appear as a result of the spray process or by use of
titanium suboxide powders on the photocatalytic activity has not been investigated. Also the possible influence of the shear plane structure of titanium suboxides (Magnéli phases) on the photocatalytic activity was not taken into consideration. In the present work, the photocatalytic properties of three powders and coatings sprayed from these
powders by APS and VPS are investigated: (1) a commercial fused and crushed titanium oxide powder, (2) an agglomerated and sintered titanium suboxide powder consisting predominantly of Magnéli phases Ti6O11 and Ti5O9, (3) an agglomerated and sintered powder consisting of Ti2Cr2O7 and Ti6Cr2O15 (Magnéli phases in the TiO2- Cr2O3 phase diagram). The phase compositions of the powders and the coatings were investigated by X-ray
diffraction. Neither for the spray powders nor for the coatings any ability to reduce the NOx concentration by the
photocatalysis was found. From this it is concluded that both oxygen deficiency as well as Magnéli phase structure are not responsible for photocatalytic properties of materials in the Ti-O phase diagram.
Cuvinte cheie: plasma spraying, vaccum plasma spraying, titanium oxides, NOx, photocatalysis